It was the site of two conflicts between Native Americans and representatives of the U. On December 29,more than Sioux men, women, and children were massacred by U.
Visit Website The conflict at Wounded Knee was originally Wounded knee to as a battle, but in reality it was a tragic and avoidable massacre. Borrowing some tactics from the anti-war student demonstrators of the era, AIM soon gained national notoriety for its flamboyant protests.
However, many mainstream Indian leaders denounced the youth-dominated group as too radical. Ina faction of AIM members led by Dennis Banks and Leonard Peltier sought to close the divide by making alliances with traditional tribal elders on reservations.
When Wilson learned of a planned AIM protest against his administration at Pine Ridge, he retreated to tribal headquarters where he was under the protection of federal marshals and Bureau of Indian Affairs police.
Rather than confront the police in Pine Ridge, some AIM members and their supporters decided to occupy the symbolically significant hamlet of Wounded Knee, site of the massacre. Wilson, with the backing of the federal government, responded by besieging Wounded Knee.
During the 71 days of the siege, which began on February 27,federal officers and AIM members exchanged gunfire almost nightly. Hundreds of arrests were made, and two Native Americans were killed and a federal marshal was permanently paralyzed by a bullet wound.
The leaders of AIM finally surrendered on May 8 after a negotiated settlement was reached. In a subsequent trial, the judge ordered their acquittal because of evidence that the FBI had manipulated key witnesses.
AIM emerged victorious and succeeded in shining a national spotlight on the problems of modern Native Americans. A virtual civil war broke out between the opposing Indian factions on the Pine Ridge reservation, and a series of beatings, shootings and murders left more than Indians dead.
InPeltier was convicted of killing the two FBI agents and sentenced to life in prison.History - Incident at Wounded Knee The incident began in February , and represented the longest civil disorder in the history of the Marshals Service.
The town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota was seized on February 27, , by followers of the American Indian Movement (AIM), who staged a day occupation of the area. Wounded Knee: Wounded Knee, hamlet and creek on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota, the site of two conflicts between Native Americans and the U.S.
government—a massacre in in which more than Sioux were killed by the army and an occupation led by the American Indian Movement in Find out more about the history of Wounded Knee, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.
Get all the facts on nationwidesecretarial.com This narrative museum provides a deeper understanding of the December Wounded Knee Massacre.
The National Historic Site of Wounded Knee, Inc.'s purpose is to raise the money to purchase the 40 acres of land at Wounded Knee for $ million. The Wounded Knee incident began on February 27, , when approximately Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement (AIM) seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.